Average Layer Temperature (4 Side Exposure)


The average Layer Temperature (4 Side Exposure) tool allows calculating the average temperature for a horizontal layer within a concrete section due to fire exposure at its four sides. Such average temperature is suitable for calculations of fire-induced strains. Although it can be used to estimate the section capacity, its accuracy is being validated.

For additional information, please refer to:

El-Fitiany S.F., Youssef M.A., 2009, “Assessing the Flexural and Axial Behaviour of Reinforced Concrete Members at Elevated Temperatures using Sectional Analysis”, Fire Safety Journal, 44(5): pp. 691-703. 

Simplified, rational, and practical models that account for effect of elevated temperatures on concrete and steel properties are needed. These models will enable engineers to design and assess Reinforced Concrete (RC) structures to satisfy specific fire performance criteria. This paper introduces a simple method that predicts the flexural and axial behaviour of RC sections during exposure to elevated temperatures. The method is based on using Finite Difference analysis to estimate the temperature distribution within a concrete section and a modified version of the well-known sectional analysis approach to predict the axial and/or flexural behaviour. A rational approach is proposed to convert the two-dimensional temperature distribution to one-dimensional distribution. This approach converts a complex problem to a simplified one and thus enables engineers to better understand the behaviour and have higher confidence in the results. The predictions of the proposed method are validated using experimental and analytical studies by others. Additional tests are needed to further validate and improve the proposed method.

 

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