Alhadid M.M.A., Soliman A.M., Nehdi M.L., Youssef M.A., 2014, “Critical Overview of Blast Resistance of Different Concrete Types”, Magazine of Concrete Research, 66(2): 72-81.
Past attacks against buildings and civil infrastructure highlight the need for blast-resistant structural materials. Numerous studies have been conducted on various related techniques and some design guidance has been developed to increase the resistance of structures to blast loading. Generally, a blast results in a high-amplitude impulse loading typically with a very short duration. Hence, the material’s response to such loading will differ from its response to regular types of loading. Consequently, the analysis and design of structures subjected to blast loads require a full understanding of the behaviour of materials and structural elements under blast loading. This paper presents an overview of the behaviour of concrete elements subjected to blast loads. A critical discussion of the state of the art on blast resistance of conventional and modern concrete materials is provided, along with an overview of effective retrofitting and strengthening techniques.
Robitaille S., Bartlett F.M., Youssef M.A., Tape W., 2009, “Evaluating Prestress Losses during Pre-Tensioning“, CD-ROM Proceedings, 2nd Canadian Society for Civil Engineering (CSCE) International Construction Specialty Conference, St. John’s, NL, 10 pp, DOI: 10.13140/2.1.2501.8885.
Prestressing losses due to friction between strands and ducts are typically accounted for in post-tensioned concrete members. Similar losses that occur in pre-tensioned prestressed concrete members due to friction at hold-up and hold-down points are typically ignored. A clause in the recent AASHTO Bridge Specification, however, requires consideration of losses that may occur at hold-down devices without providing any guidance about how this should be done. This paper derives equations to predict losses at hold-up and -down points, describes the design and calibration of a unique load cell to measure prestressing strand forces, and presents typical friction losses measured for pre-tensioned members produced at the PSI plant in Windsor Ontario with predicted values. The observed losses can be accurately predicted using a simple pulley-belt friction model with a coefficient of friction of 0.29. Using this model, strand inclinations of more than 2.5 degrees would cause losses at the dead end of a single member of more than 5%.
Simplex Engineering Inc. cannot be held liable for actual designs that follow information presented on this site. The design engineer must adhere to the rules governing practicing of professional engineering and follow the requirements of prevailing design standards, regulations, and codes of practice. Simplex Engineering Inc. will be delighted to discuss potential collaborations in structural engineering related projects. Please contact us to be informed about our services and associated fees.